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Seven different types of intelligence – trumps the classic IQ test

seven-types-of-intelligence The originator of the theory of multiple intelligences, Howard Gardner,  a  professor  of  education  at  Harvard  University,  defines intelligence as the potential ability to process a certain sort of information.  The  different  types  of  intelligence  are  for  the  most  part independent of one another, and no type is more important than the other.

In  all,  Gardner  identifies  seven  different  types  of intelligence. These can be summarised as follows:

1. Verbal = linguistic, e.g. lexical skills, formal speech, verbal debate, creative writing.

2. 
Body = kinesthetic (movement), e.g. body language, physical gestures, creative dance, physical exercise, drama.

3. 
Musical = rhythmic,   e.g.   music   performance,   singing,  musical composition, rhythmic patterns.

4. 
Logic = mathematic,   e.g.   numerical   aptitude,   problem solving, deciphering codes, abstract symbols and formulae.

5. 
Visual = spatial, e.g. patterns and designs, painting, drawing, active imagination, sculpture, colour schemes.

6. 
Interpersonal   (relationships   with   others),   e.g. person-to-person communication, empathy practices, group projects, collaboration skills, receiving and giving feedback.

7.
Intrapersonal (self-understanding and insight), e.g. thinking strategies, emotional processing, knowing yourself, higher order reasoning, focusing=concentration.

Form the book "THE COMPLETE BOOK OF INTELLIGENCE TESTS" by Philip Carter, Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd 2005.

Opinion:
I remember running into this a few years ago, I was very intrigued at it’s premise.  I have long suspected that the classic IQ test is inadequate – I have certain friends that are brilliant with their hands, or amazing musicians, yet the classic IQ test rates them as not-so-intelligent.

I assert; that the classic IQ test is a dangerous touchstone because of it’s authoritative position in society – some people score well and can erroneously conclude that they are of superior intelligence (which is a classic characteristic of incompetence), yet other people may score low on the test and internalise an inferior sense of competence.

I favour Howard Gardner’s proposal, as it accounts for relevant variables that the class IQ Test dismisses.

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8 Ways to Self Actualise – Abraham Maslow

Maslow studied healthy people, most psychologists study sick people. The characteristics listed here are the results of 20 years of study of people who had the “full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentialities, etc..”

  1. Experience things fully, vividly, selflessly. Throw yourself into the experiencing of something: concentrate on it fully, let it totally absorb you.
  2. Life is an ongoing process of choosing between safety (out of fear and need for defense) and risk (for the sake of progress and growth): Make the growth choice a dozen times a day.
  3. Let the self emerge. Try to shut out the external clues as to what you should think, feel, say, and so on, and let your experience enable you to say what you truly feel.
  4. When in doubt, be honest. If you look into yourself and are honest, you will also take responsibility. Taking responsibility is self-actualizing.
  5. Listen to your own tastes. Be prepared to be unpopular.
  6. Use your intelligence, work to do well the things you want to do, no matter how insignificant they seem to be.
  7. Make peak experiencing more likely: get rid of illusions and false notions. Learn what you are good at and what your potentialities are not.
  8. Find out who you are, what you are, what you like and don’t like, what is good and what is bad for you, where you are going, what your mission is. Opening yourself up to yourself in this way means identifying defenses–and then finding the courage to give them up.

Check out the full article: Maslow Self Actualization

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Things You Can Do Right Away to Raise Your Self-Esteem

  • Eat healthy foods and avoid junk foods
  • Exercise.
  • Take time to do things you enjoy.
  • Get something done that you have been putting off.
  • Do things that make use of your own special talents and abilities.
  • Dress in clothes that make you feel good about yourself.
  • Give yourself rewards.
  • Spend time with people.
  • Make your living space a place that honors the person you are.
  • Display items that you find attractive.
  • Make your meals a special time.
  • Learn something new or improve your skills.
  • Begin doing those things that you know will make you feel better about yourself.
  • Do something nice for another person.
  • Make it a point to treat yourself well every day.

Check out the website here: Social Anxiety Support

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Are too many people diagnosed as ‘depressed’?

Professor Ian Hickie from the University’s Brain and Mind Research Institute argues that if increased diagnosis and treatment has actually led to demonstrable benefits and is cost effective, then it is not yet being over diagnosed.

He says increased diagnosis and treatment has led to a reduction in suicides and increased productivity in the population.

On the other side of the debate Professor Gordon Parker, a psychiatrist from the University of New South Wales says the current threshold for what is considered to be ‘clinical depression’ is too low. He fears it could lead to a diagnosis of depression becoming less credible.

It is, he says, normal to be depressed and points to his own cohort study which followed 242 teachers. Fifteen years into the study, 79 per cent of respondents had already met the symptom and duration criteria for major, minor or sub-syndromal depression.

He blames the over-diagnosis of clinical depression on a change in its categorisation, introduced in 1980.

Source: University of Sydney

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